The districts of Guaymallén
It is limited in the north with the East Access Avenue (National
Route 7), in the south with the streets El Progreso and Elpidio
Gonzáles, in the east with the South Access Avenue (Provincial
Route 40), and in the west with the Costanera Avenue.
With an area of 4.5 square kilometres and a population of 28053
inhabitants, its population density is 6234 inhabitants per
There are a
health center, a police station and eight schools.
The Bioceánico corridor – formed by the National Route 7 and the
Provincial Route 40 – along with the Costanera Avenue are routes
of Inter-departmental connection.
The district has primary routes, from the north to the south:
Remedios Escalada, Dorrego; from the west to the east: Adolfo
Calle, Berutti. The secondary routes are from the east to the
west: Lamadrid, Moldes and Alsina.
The history of the district dates back to the time of the
Huarpes, when the present Dorrego was denominated Peipolota and
Amancat, and had belonged to the Esteve Cacique. There prior to
the foundation of Mendoza, the Pelectay Cacique had settled with
his wife Estepe and their son Guaymaré, who came from the Carrob
Woods of Yopacto. When the City of Mendoza was founded, this
region firstly became responsibility of the Captain Alonso de
Carvajal y Campofrío. However, having to leave to Chile, the
captain transferred the administration to the Captain Alonso de
Reinoso, whose dominions were confirmed by the Chief Commanders
of Chile Don Rodrigo de Quiroga and after Don Alonso Sotomayor.
In those documents there was stated that the possession
coincided with the vineyard and the mill of the Captain Alonso
de Videla, and there used to resided the Guaymaré Cacique,
according to what is claimed in a 1596 document. Those lands
were called then the Infiernillo (little hell). Because there
used to be furnaces with permanent fires, in which bricks,
roofing tiles and clay pitchers were cooked – these lands form
what is nowadays the Dorrego District. In its South limit, it
was a district until 1985, with the name of Francisco de Laprida
because in that region the battle of Pillar happened, where the
illustrious congressman Narciso Laprida from San Juan
disappeared; Domingo F. Sarmiento was also in that battle but he
was able to escaped by hiding.
It is limited in the north by the street
Correa Saa, in the
south by the East Access Avenue, in the east by Mitre Street and
in the west by Costanera Avenue.
With an area of 2.09 square kilometres and a population of 11640
inhabitants, its population density is 5569 inhabitants per
There are nine schools, a police station and a hospital.
Since the beginning of the year 1900, this district has been
considered the head of the department. The growth of the
constructed area can be tracked back to the 20s. During the
decades of 60-70, the constructions of the South Region were
renewed. The bus terminal, as well as the green areas that
surround it, were built and the terminal was denominated
“Terminal del Sol”. The district has urban characteristics
mainly; the commerce and housing constitute the main activities
The Costanera Avenue and the East Access Avenue are fast
circulation routes, and they connect different departments. The
District has an important road network, composed by four primary
arteries that cross it from the west to the east: Correa Saa,
O’Brien, Godoy Cruz, and Bandera de los Andes. From the north to
the south: Alberti and Mitre Street. The secondary arteries are
Saavedra, Santa Maria de Oro, Francisco de la Reta and Las