Preservation Area Caverna de las Brujas, Mendoza Argentina

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Natural Resources and Preservation Areas

*Park Volcán Tupungato More Info *La Payunia More Info
*Divisadero Largo More Info *Laguna de Llancanelo More Info
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*Manzano Histórico More Info *Laguna del Diamante More Info

Preservation Area Caverna de las Brujas.

The Caverna de Las Brujas is located in the district of Malargüe. The area comprises approximately 450 hectares and was declared a reservation in 1990. The entrance to the cave is located at an altitude of 1800 metres above sea level.
Cavern of the Witches, is a particular subterranean environment, where once again the diversity of the planet exceeds our capacity of being surprised. Ancient rocks of marine origin are the home to a huge cavity, embroidered with bizarre minerals shapes: stalactites, stalagmites, columns, cast, together form a strange scenario. More than 3000 metres of galleries have been developed through levels of calcareous rocks (limestone) of the Jurassic period. There are sectors or levels with abundant ammonites, molluscs that dominated the marine environment during the Jurassic and Cretaceous.
The Cavern is one of the main tourist offers in the South of Mendoza and annually receives more than 10,000 visitors.
It presents beautiful decorations with different elements, known as dripstones.
The dripstones are:
"Stalactites": elements in the form of needles hanging from the ceilings of caves.
"Stalagmite": similar to stalactites, but are formed on the floors. "Columns": the union of stalactites and stalagmites.
 "Veils": which are formations similar to drapes.
The walls are decorated with white, yellow and brown flow deposits. In the deepest part, elements of plaster can be seen. The most common forms are thick crusts covering the floor, walls and in some cases, even obstructing some passages of the cave.
The formation of the Cavern has been explained as a product of the movement of underground water. During the lifting of the Andes ridge during the Tertiary period, the entire region was amended, leaving the limestone in an almost vertical position and highly fissured. At the end of the last glacial period, there has been a large water infiltration favoured by the existence of a high amount of snow and ice (much higher than what precipitates today), helping the expansion of passageways and forming the dripstones.
The archaeological studies made so far, indicate that the cave was used by Aboriginal people for various rituals or as a temporary shelter. The secrets of the flora and fauna of the cavern remain in mystery until natural scientists and speleologists conduct further surveys.
It is known that there are bats, spiders, colémbolos (small insects living in primitive soil organic matter) and field mice using its galleries as a shelter.

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